PERSPECTIVES OF MEMBRANE BIOREACTORS FOR WASTEWATER PURIFICATION FROM WASTE OF PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS AND BIOGENIC ELEMENTS
The article analyzes modern methods of wastewater treatment from bioresistant pharmaceutical products and biogenic elements. Pharmaceuticals, such as anti-inflammatory drugs, analgesics, antibiotics, narcotic drugs, hormones, drugs that reduce cholesterol,etc., are often get into sewage in small quantities. They are hardly biodegradable and, passing through wastewater treatment plants without any changes, they often end up in water bodies. They have significant negative impact on aquatic ecosystems and human health, while being present in open waters even in small quantities. Among the nutrients that are also present in the wastewater, nitrogen and phosphorus compounds deserve the greatest attention. While getting into water bodies, they cause eutrophication, which isalso dangerous to ecosystems and human beings. It is shown that among modern variety of purification methods, the most suitable for removal of pharmaceutical products and biogenic elements are biochemical methods and photopurification technologies, as well as using membrane bioreactors. Biosorption-membrane methods open the possibility to use modern biotechnologies for efficient removal of bioresistant xenobiotics and reducing their negative impact on natural environment. Using photopurification technologies can help to reduce amount of nutrients discharged in surface water bodies, thus reducing their potential for eutrophication, as well as receiving additional renewable energy sources. Bibl. 30, Fig. 3, Tab. 4.
Kalinnikova T.B., Hainutdinov M.H., Shagidullin R.R., Cyanotoxins — potential hazard to fresh water ecosystems and human health. Russian journal of applied ecology. 2017. No. 2. pp. 3–19. (Rus.)
Vovk О.О., Boichenko М.S., Causal and consequenti alanalysis of environmental safety during production and usage of pharmaceutical products. Science based technologies. 2017. 33 (1). pp. 71–77.DOI:10.18372/2310–5461.33.11562. (Ukr.)
Environmental management. Life cycle analysis. Purpose, scope of research and inventory analysis: ІSО 14041-2000,viewed 22 Oct. 2017. — http://www.mintrans.gov.ua/uk/mtzu_decrees/print/625.html (Ukr.)
Environmental management. Evaluating environmental efficiency. General requirements: ІSО 14031-2001,viewed 22 Oct. 2017. — http://www.mintrans.gov.ua/uk/mtzu_decrees/print/625.html. (Ukr.)
Official website of the World health organization. URL, viewed 20 Dec. 2017. — http://www.who.int/water_sanita-tioii_healtlv’einerging/info_slieet_pliannaceuticals/ni.
Nicole Deziel, Pharmaceuticals in Wastewater Treatment Plant Effluent Waters. Scholarly Horizons: University of Minnesota. Morris Under graduate Journal. 2014. Vol. 1. Iss. 2. Art. 12. pp. 1–20.
Samoilenko N.N., Ermakovich I.A., Pollution of municipal waters with pharmaceuticals and their derivatives. Eastern journal of enterprise technologies.2013. No. 12. pp. 8–11. (Rus.)
Samoilenko N.N., Ermakovich I.A., Increasing ecological safety of water objects to prevent their contamination with pharmaceuticals. Proceedings of Vinnytsia Polytechnic Institute. 2015. Vol. 5.pp. 26–29. (Ukr.)
Chelliapan S., Wilby T., Sallis P.J., Performance of an up-flow anaerobic stage reactor (UASR) in the treatment of pharmaceutical wastewater containing macrolide antibiotics. Water Res. 2006. No. 40.pp. 507–516.
Holm J.V., Ruegge K., Bjerg P.L., Occurrence and distribution of pharmaceutical organic compounds in the groundwater downgradient of a landfill (Grinsted, Denmark). Environ. Sci. Technol. 1995.29 (5). pp. 1415–1420.
Dushkin S.S., Kovalenko А.N., Degtjar М.V., Shevchenko Т.А., Resource-saving technologies for wastewater treatment, Kharkov : KNАSU, 2011,146 p. (Rus.)
Salmanov A., Medical Waste: WHO Recommendations. Journal of major nurse. 2015. No. 4. pp. 14–26. (Ukr.)
Sablii L.A., Physical, chemical and biological treatment of highly concentrated waste water: thesis author’s abstract. for obtaining a post doctorate degree. tech sciences. Kiev, 2011. 40 p. (Ukr.)
Mashchepko Z.E., Maslova E.V, Shatalaev P.F.,Rascvetova N.V., Kosareva A.A. Effect of ampicillin on the composition and activity of malatedehydro-38 genases molecular forms of active sludge. Journal of scientific articles «Health and Education Millennium». 2017. 19 (1). pp. 119–122. (Rus.)
Oliferchuk V.P., Gurla U.P., Senjuk А.І., HodzinskaО.R. Application of micromycetes for sewage treatment with bioconveyor. Scientific Bulletin of UNFU. 2008. Vol. 183. pp. 22–29. (Ukr.)
Ermakovich I.A., Samoilenko N.M., Smirnova S.O. Reduction of anthropogenic pressure on water objects due to electrochemical destruction of pharmaceutical substances in waste water. Information Processing Systems. 2015. Vol. 11. pp. 196–198. (Ukr.)
Timofeeva S.S., Oxidation-reduction enzymes of activated sludge, methods of determination and their importance in wastewater treatment. Journal of Water Chemistry and Technology. 1964. 6 (4). pp.367–370. (Rus.)
Gurinivich A.D., Zhitenev B.N., Voronovich N.V. Natural waters purification from pharmaceuticals using oxidation method. Proceedings of Brest State Technical University. 2012. No. 2. pp. 21–27. (Rus.)
Dolina L.F., Wastewater purification from biogenic elements. Dnepropetrovsk: Continent, 2011, 198 p. (Ukr.)
Water treatment : Reference book, 2007. Editor S.V. Belokova, Moscow : Aqua-therm, 2007. 240 p. (Rus.)
Lenntech. Phosphorous removal from wastewater, Viewed 25 October 2017. — https://www.lenntech.com/phosphorous-removal.htm.
Yagov G.V., Monitoring of nitrogen content in wastewater treatment. Water Supply and Sanitary Technique. 2008. No. 7. pp. 45–52. (Rus.)
Frenkel V.S., Membrane technology: the past, the present and the future (on the example of North America). Water Supply and Sanitary Technique.2010. No. 8. pp. 48–54. (Rus.)
Djigirey V.S., Ecology and environmental protection. Kiev: Znannja, 2004. 309 p. (Ukr.)
Dolina L.F, Reactors for wastewater treatment. Dnipropetrovsk : Dnipropetrovsk State Technical University of Railway Transport, 2001, 82 p. (Ukr.)
Becker E.W., Micro-algae as a source of protein. Biotechnol. Adv. 2007. Vol. 25. Iss. 2. pp. 207–210.
Guedes A.C., Amaro H.M., Malcata F.X., Microalgae as Sources of Carotenoids. Mar. Drugs.2011. Vol. 9. Iss. 4. pp. 625–644.
Skjanes K., Rebours C., Lindblad P., Potential for green microalgae to produce hydrogen, pharmaceuticals and other high value products in a combined process. Crit. Rev. Biotechnol. 2013. Vol. 33.Iss. 2. pp. 172–215.
Halim R., Danquah M.K., Webley P.A., Extraction of oil from microalgae for biodiesel production : Review. Biotechnol. Adv. 2012. Vol. 30. Iss. 3.pp. 709–732.
Tsoglin L.N., Pronina N.A., Biotechnology of microalgae. Moscow : Scientific world, 2012. 182 p. (Rus.)