PERSPECTIVES OF MEMBRANE BIOREACTORS FOR WASTEWATER PURIFICATION FROM WASTE OF PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS AND BIOGENIC ELEMENTS

  • M.S. Boichenko Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Politechnic Institute, Kyiv
  • O.O. Vovk National Aviation University, Kyiv
  • S.V. Boichenko Rzeszow University of Technology, Rzeszow, Poland
  • S.I. Shamanskyi National Aviation University, Kyiv
Keywords: bioresistant pharmaceutical products, biogenic elements, biosorption-membrane purification methods, photopurification technologies, wastewater, membrane bioreactors

Abstract

The article analyzes modern methods of wastewater treatment from bioresistant pharmaceutical products and biogenic elements. Pharmaceuticals, such as anti-inflammatory drugs, analgesics, antibiotics, narcotic drugs, hormones, drugs that reduce cholesterol,etc., are often get into sewage in small quantities. They are hardly biodegradable and, passing through wastewater treatment plants without any changes, they often end up in water bodies. They have significant negative impact on aquatic ecosystems and human health, while being present in open waters even in small quantities. Among the nutrients that are also present in the wastewater, nitrogen and phosphorus compounds deserve the greatest attention. While getting into water bodies, they cause eutrophication, which isalso dangerous to ecosystems and human beings. It is shown that among modern variety of purification methods, the most suitable for removal of pharmaceutical products and biogenic elements are biochemical methods and photopurification technologies, as well as using membrane bioreactors. Biosorption-membrane methods open the possibility to use modern biotechnologies for efficient removal of bioresistant xenobiotics and reducing their negative impact on natural environment. Using photopurification technologies can help to reduce amount of nutrients discharged in surface water bodies, thus reducing their potential for eutrophication, as well as receiving additional renewable energy sources. Bibl. 30, Fig. 3, Tab. 4.

 

Author Biographies

M.S. Boichenko, Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Politechnic Institute, Kyiv

PhD Student

O.O. Vovk, National Aviation University, Kyiv

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor

S.V. Boichenko, Rzeszow University of Technology, Rzeszow, Poland

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor

S.I. Shamanskyi, National Aviation University, Kyiv

Candidate of Technical Sciences

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Published
2018-09-14
How to Cite
Boichenko, M., Vovk, O., Boichenko, S., & Shamanskyi, S. (2018). PERSPECTIVES OF MEMBRANE BIOREACTORS FOR WASTEWATER PURIFICATION FROM WASTE OF PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS AND BIOGENIC ELEMENTS. Energy Technologies & Resource Saving, (3), 31-40. https://doi.org/10.33070/etars.3.2018.04
Section
Environment protection