THE PROBLEM OF DISPOSAL AND DESTRUCTION OF SEWAGE SLUDGE AND ITS SOLUTIONS (REVIEW)

  • I.M. Karp The Gas Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv
  • K.Ye. Pyanykh The Gas Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv
  • Ye.Ye. Nikitin The Gas Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv
Keywords: sewage sludge, utilizing, disinfection, combustion, gasification

Abstract

Sewage sludge of cities usually are formed of municipal and industrial wastewater. They contain many harmful substances such as heavy metals, mineral substances, harmful substances of organic origin wastes (solid domestic wastes, feces, etc.), bacterial pollutants. The problem of utilizing and secure disposal of precipitation of urban wastewater (WWS) is a global. It is not solved fully by this time. European trends of sewage sludge disposal are the reduction or total ban on their agricultural use and disinfecting organic pollutants by thermal methods. Acquires distribution WWS combustion in a fluidized bed. Low-temperature technology of sewage sludge disposal in which the heavy metals remain in the solid residue of the process are interesting. This are pyrolysis, oxidative pyrolysis and gasification. The Gas Institute of NAS of Ukraine conducted preliminary tests of utilizing of dry granular WWS in the reversed process of gasification. Producer gas and pellets with high hardness were obtained; pellets can be used as fillers in construction. Technological scheme of the industrial process is proposed. Bibl. 24, Fig. 7, Tab. 1.

Author Biographies

I.M. Karp, The Gas Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv

Academician of NAS of Ukraine, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor

K.Ye. Pyanykh, The Gas Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv

Candidate of Technical Sciences

Ye.Ye. Nikitin, The Gas Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv

Doctor of Technical Sciences

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Published
2017-03-20
How to Cite
Karp, I., Pyanykh, K., & Nikitin, Y. (2017). THE PROBLEM OF DISPOSAL AND DESTRUCTION OF SEWAGE SLUDGE AND ITS SOLUTIONS (REVIEW). Energy Technologies & Resource Saving, (2), 35-48. https://doi.org/10.33070/etars.2.2017.05
Section
Environment protection

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