AN INTEGRATED APPROACH TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF PLANS FOR TRANSFORMATION OF ELECTRICAL AND HEAT SUPPLY SYSTEMS

Keywords: municipal energy plans, integrated approach to energy, electricity and heat supply systems, district heating, synergetic and multiplier effects

Abstract

The system-forming sectors of municipal energy are electricity and heat supply. With small amounts of transformation on small planning horizons, the fragmentary approach to the consideration of individual sectors does not significantly affect the quality of planning. Large-scale transformation on large planning horizons calls for a holistic approach to the energy, energy consuming and other relevant sectors. District heating is considered as an integrating environment to increase the share of variable solar and wind generation, the use of waste material and energy flows. This approach allows you to identify and use synergistic and multiplier effects and avoid the negative consequences of fragmentary solutions. The algorithm of transformation of existing power and heat supply systems is considered in the article. It includes the stages of forming the initial set of projects and alternative scenarios, as well as the stage of determining the recommended scenario using synergetic and cartoon effects. A cause-and-effect analysis scheme has been proposed to identify these effects. Bibl. 50, Fig. 3, Tab. 1.

Author Biography

Ye.Ye. Nikitin, The Gas Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv

Doctor of Technical Sciences

References

Powering a climate-neutral economy: An EU Strategy for Energy System Integration. COM(2020) 299 final.

An EU Strategy on Heating and Cooling. COM(2016) 51 final

Integrating low-temperature renewables in district energy systems. Guidelines for policy makers. — https://irena.org/media/Files/IRENA/Agency/Publication/2021/March/IRENA_District_Energy_Systems_2021.pdf

Sector coupling: how can it be enhanced in the EU to foster grid stability and decarbonise? — https://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2018/626091/IPOL_STU(2018)626091_EN.pdf

Synergies between renewable energy and energy efficiency. — https://www.irena.org/media/Files/IRENA/Agency/Publication/2017/Aug/IRENA_REmap_Synergies_REEE_2017.pdf

Synergy Options Between Gas-fired Electricity Generation and Solar PV in the Power Sector Markets of Gulf Cooperation Council Countries (GCC) and the U.S. — https://www.researchgate.net/publication/338415388_Synergy_Options_Between_Gasfired_Electricity_Generation_and_Solar_PV_in_the_Power_Sector_Markets_of_Gulf_Cooperation_Council_Countries_GCC_and_the_US

Heat Roadmap Europe: Identifying strategic heat synergy regions. — https://www.researchgate.net/publication/270952452_Heat_Roadmap_Europe_Identifying_strategic_heat_synergy_regions

Energy Cities contribution to EU strategy on energy sector integration. — https://energy-cities.eu/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/Energy-Cities-response-to-future-EU-strategy-for-energy-sector-integration.pdf

Modeling methodologies of synergiceffects related to climate change andsustainable energy management. — https://pp.bme.hu/so/article/view/1588/906

Energy hub-based optimal planning for integrated energy systems considering part-load characteristics and synergistic effect of equipment. — https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2096511721000451

Energy efficiency for industries through synergies with urban areas. — https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0959652616001554

Heterogeneous and synergistic effects of environmental regulations: Theoretical and empirical research on the collaborative governance of China's haze pollution. — https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0959652622010940

Evaluating synergistic effect of optimally controlling commercial building thermal mass portfolios. — https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0360544215002285

Heat integration of heat pump assisted distillation into the overall proсеss. — https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0306261915012714

Nonlinear Synergistic Effects in Thermochemical Co-processing of Wastes for Sustainable Energy. — https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-981-13-9012-8_6

A comprehensive understanding of the synergistic effect during co-pyrolysis of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and coal. — https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0360544221025068

Multiphysics-Enabled Liquid State Thermal Harvesting: Synergistic Effects between Pyroelectricity and Triboelectrification. — https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/ente.202100544

Directive 2012/27/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on energy efficiency, amending Directives 2009/125/EC and 2010/30/EU and repealing Directives 2004/8/EC and 2006/32/EC Text with EEA relevance. — https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex%3A32012L0027

Cost–Benefit Analysis Applied to Energy. — https://www.researchgate.net/publication/242218638_Cost-Benefit_Analysis_Applied_to_Energy

Application of Cost Benefits Analysis for the Implementation of Renewable Energy and Smart Solution Technologies: A Case Study of InteGRIDy Project. — https://www.researchgate.net/publication/356750284_Application_of_Cost_Benefits_Analysis_for_the_Implementation_of_Renewable_Energy_and_Smart_Solution_Technologies_A_Case_Study_of_InteGRIDy_Project

Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE). — https://corporatefinanceinstitute.com/resources/knowledge/finance/levelized-cost-of-energy-lcoe/

An Assessment of the Life Cycle Costs and GHG Emissions for Alternative Generation Technologies. — https://www.osti.gov/etdeweb/servlets/purl/21397681

Greenhouse Gases Equivalencies Calculator — Calculations and References. — https://www.epa.gov/energy/greenhouse-gases-equivalencies-calculator-calculations-and-references

Putin’s war on Ukraine dictate new priorities for energy security. — https://policyoptions.irpp.org/magazines/putins-war-on-ukraine-dictates-new-priorities-for-energy-security/

WORLD ENERGY TRANSITIONS OUTLOOK 2022. — https://www.irena.org/media/Files/IRENA/Agency/Publication/2022/Mar/IRENA_World_Energy_Transitions_Outlook_2022.pdf

Assessing energy security: An overview of commonly used methodologies. — https://www.researchgate.net/publication/263775239_Assessing_energy_security_An_overview_of_commonly_used_methodologies

Methodology for Calculating the Energy Security Index of the State: Taking into Account Modern Megatrends. — https://www.researchgate.net/publication/352521232_Methodology_for_Calculating_the_Energy_Security_Index_of_the_State_Taking_into_Account_Modern_Megatrends

Power system stability in the transition to a low carbon grid: A techno-economic perspective on challenges and opportunities. — https://wires.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/wene.399

Changing energy mix and its impact on grid stability. — https://corporatesolutions.swissre.com/dam/jcr:81569f57-635a-4450-93e3-466990694643/changing-energy-mix-and-its-impact-on-grid-stability.pdf

Stability and operation limits of power systems with high penetration of power electronics. — https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0142061521009534

Sustainable Urban Energy Planning A handbook for cities and towns in developing countries. — https://unhabitat.org/sites/default/files/download-manager-files/Sustainable%20Urban%20Energy%20Planning.pdf

Municipal Energy Planning An Energy Efficiency Workbook. — https://polk.extension.wisc.edu/files/2010/12/Municipal-Energy-Planning-Workbook.pdf

Regional Energy Plan Reports. — https://www.countyofessex.ca/en/discover-the-county/regional-energy-planning.aspx

A Regional Energy Planning Approach: an Integrated Framework and its Application to Jeju Island's Renewable Roadmap. — - https://www.researchgate.net/publication/281630705_A_Regional_Energy36. Planning_Approach_an_Integrated_Framework_and_its_Application_to_Jeju_Island's_Renewable_Roadmap

Regional Energy Efficiency Efforts: Energy for the Power of 32 Region and Beyond. — https://c2e2.unepdtu.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/3/2016/03/regional-ee-planning.pdf

REGIONAL ENERGY PLAN. — https://www.ccrpcvt.org/our-work/our-plans/regional-energy-plan/

Reginal Energy Plan. — https://www.trorc.org/programs/energy/regional-energy-plan/

Reginal Energy Planning. — https://centralvtplanning.org/programs/regional-energy-planning/

Powerful possibilities from wood. — https://volter.fi/products/

Combined heat and power with wood pellets. — https://burkhardt-gruppe.de/de/energietechnik/kwk-mit-holzpellets/

Biomass and residue power generation. — http://br-eg.com/

COMBI POWER SYSTEM WITH COMBINED HEAT AND POWER PLANT. — https://regawatt.de/kps-uebersicht/#

OVERVIEW OF OUR WOOD POWER PLANTS. — https://www.syncraft.at/holzkraftwerke/uebersicht

Solar Heat Markets in Europe. — http://solarheateurope.eu/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/Solar_Heat_Market_2019_final.pdf

Германия наращивает мощности станций солнечного теплоснабжения. — https://solarsoul.net/germaniya-narashhivaet-moshhnosti-solnechnyx-teplovyx-stancij

THE COMPLEX APPROACH TO THE MODERNIZATION OF BOILERS, HEAT NETWORKS AND CONNECTED BUILDINGS. — https://etars-journal.org/index.php/journal/article/view/193

Potential of integrating industrial waste heat and solar thermal energy into district heating networks in Germany. — https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360544220309191

The Possible Roles of Wastewater Treatment Plants in Sector Coupling. — https://www.researchgate.net/publication/340847803_The_Possible_Roles_of_Wastewater_Treatment_Plants_in_Sector_Coupling

Environmental sustainability of biofuels: A review. — https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspa.2020.0351

Economics of Biofuels. — https://www.epa.gov/environmental-economics/economics-biofuels

Published
2022-06-17
How to Cite
Nikitin, Y., & Komkov, I. (2022). AN INTEGRATED APPROACH TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF PLANS FOR TRANSFORMATION OF ELECTRICAL AND HEAT SUPPLY SYSTEMS. Energy Technologies & Resource Saving, (2), 4-16. https://doi.org/10.33070/etars.2.2022.01