EXPERIENCE OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF BURNERS, CHAMBERS, AND TECHNOLOGIES FOR REDUCING EMISSIONS OF NITROGEN OXIDES BY BOILERS DURING THE COMBUSTION OF NATURAL GAS
In the article discusses the features of constructive solutions accepted in the burner devices and chambers of boiler units, which were used both when converting solid fuel boilers to natural gas, and creating new designs of gas boiler units. The works to reduce nitrogen oxide emissions at the Gas Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine began in the 1960s and by 1971 significant results had been achieved was shown. The main methods and technical solutions that are used to reduce emissions of nitrogen oxides during the combustion of natural gas in boilers of various capacities, including 300 MW power units, are considered. The principal design of a two-stage burner, which are operated in an amount of more than 2000 units in Ukraine and the CIS countries is presented. The installed two-stage burner devices for combustion of natural gas require immediate reconstruction with bringing their indicators to the calculated ones at the first stage. The modernization of the exist ing two-stage burners is possible to achieve the readings of the EU emissions directive 2010/75/EU was shown. The most promising technologies for further reducing the level of nitrogen oxide emissions less than 100 mg/Nm3 (3% O2, dry gases) when burning natural gas were shown. Bibl. 38, Fig.4, Tab. 1.
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