IMPROVING THE ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF FUELS OF AGRICULTURAL ORIGIN DUE TO THE HEAT TREATMENT

  • K.Ye. Pyanykh The Gas Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv
  • B.N. Romanchuk The Gas Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv
Keywords: biomass, agricultural waste, municipal solid waste, heat of combustion, torrefaction, heat treatment

Abstract

Potential of reducing consumption of natural gas by saving and substitution with other energy resources is evaluated. Data on resource availability for the replacement of natural gas is presented. As a resource for reduction of natural gas usage, agricultural biofuels and municipal solid waste is presented. The ways of using of low quality energy resources is shown. The technology to improve their quality due to heat treatment is proposed. The characteristics of raw source and heat-treated biomaterials is presented. Materials for assembly and operation of experimental stand for biomass heat treatment is provided. Ways of using of torrefacted straw, including as a part of combined fuels is described. Carried out the chemical analysis of gases produced during the heat treatment, and confirmed the possibility of using them for energy torrefaction process. It is shown that the relatively high speed of temperature increasing during the heat treatment and temperature level of above 260 °C allows to obtain high-energy solid fuel and combustion gases for the heat treatment process. Bibl. 16, Fig. 4, Table 4.

Author Biography

K.Ye. Pyanykh, The Gas Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv

Candidate of Technical Sciences

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Published
2015-12-20
How to Cite
Pyanykh, K., & Romanchuk, B. (2015). IMPROVING THE ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF FUELS OF AGRICULTURAL ORIGIN DUE TO THE HEAT TREATMENT. Energy Technologies & Resource Saving, (5-6), 17-24. Retrieved from https://etars-journal.org/index.php/journal/article/view/165