FEATURES OF TREATMENT OF RESIDUES AFTER MEDICAL WASTE’S THERMAL DISPOSAL

  • V.V. Alekseyenko The Gas Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv
  • O.B. Sezonenko The Gas Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv
  • O.O. Vasechko The Gas Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv
  • V.Yu. Nikitin The Gas Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv
Keywords: medical waste, bottom ash, fly ash, treatment, contaminants

Abstract

The morphological composition of waste of medical institutions in Ukraine, which could potentially be sent on thermal disposal, was analyzed. Composition and technical characteristics of residues after the thermal disposal of medical waste’s for different initial morphological compositions were identified, notably for wastes with different content of polymeric materials and separately for pharmaceutical waste as a subgroup of medical waste. There was investigated heavy metals’ leaching from the received bottom ash. The hazards degree of a solid residue was determined. Possible methods for treatment of residues after waste’s thermal disposal, depending on its composition and technical characteristics, were considered. On the basis of received data and the experience of treatment of residues after thermal disposal of other wastes there were made recommendations for treatment of residue after the disposal of medical waste of typical composition. Bibl. 16, Fig. 1, Table 2.

Author Biography

V.V. Alekseyenko, The Gas Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv

Candidate of Technical Sciences

References

[The program of treatment of solid waste in Kyiv for 2010-2015 [approved by the Kyiv City Council of V session of the VI convocation on judgment of 8 July 2010 № 996/4434], [General Directorate of municipal services], Kiev, 2010. (Ukr.)

Popovych O.R., Jatchyshyn J. J., Mal’ovanyj M. S., Javorivs’ka I. M., Verons’ka N. J. [The problem of disposal of hazardous medical waste (by the example of Ukraine and Poland)], [Bulletin of the National University “Lviv Polytechnic”], 2008, № 622:[ Chemistry, materials technology and their applications], pp. 60-64. (Ukr.)

[Decree of Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine “On Approval of the Regulations on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their disposal / removal and the Yellow and Green lists of waste”] by 2000 July, 13 number 1120. (Ukr.)

Karp I.N., Vasechko A.A., Alekseenko V.V., Sezonenko A.B. [Energy Technologies and Resource Saving], 2011, 3, pp. 43–47. (Ukr.)

Technical guidelines on the environmentally sound management of biomedical and healthcare wastes, Secretariat of the Basel Convention. Basel Convention series/SBC No. 2003/3.1

[Guidelines on best available techniques and provisional guidance on best environmental practices relevant to Article 5 and Annex C of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants]. — UNEP/POPS/COP.1/INF/7. — [Secretariat of the Stockholm Convention], Stockholm, Sweden, 2004. 371 p. (Rus.)

[Hygienic requirements for industrial waste management and determination of their hazard class to public health: STATE STANDARDS 2.2.7.029-99. [Effective as of 1999.07.01 p.], Kiev: [Main sanitary- epidemiological control], 2006. (Ukr.)

[Sanitary Rules and Norms for the protection of surface waters from pollution SanPiN 4630-88. — [Standards of 04.07.1988 № 4630-88]. [Main sanitary- epidemiological control of the USSR]. (Rus.)

[Waste of production and consumption and their impact on soils and natural waters: Tutorial. Ed. V.K. Khilchevsky], Kiev: [Publishing and printing center “Kyiv University”], 2007, 152 p. (Ukr.)

Allsopp M., Costner P., Johnston P. Incineration and human health. State of Knowledge of the Impacts of Waste Incinerators on Human Health, UK, University of Exeter Greenpeace Research Laboratories, 2000, 81 р.

Vehlow J. Bottom ash and APC residue management, Expert meeting on Power Production from Waste and Biomass – IV Hanasaari Cultural Center, Espoo, Finland, 8–10 April 2002. pp. 1–14.

Bergfeldt B., Schmidt V., Selinger A., Seifert H., Vehlow J. Investigation of sintering processes in bottom ash to promote the reuse in civil construction (Part 2) – Long Term Behavior, Studies in Environmental Science 71. Waste materials in construction. Pulling theory into practise. Proceedings of the International Conference on the Environmental and Technical Implication of Construction with Alternative Materials, WASCON ’97, Houthem St. Gerlach, NL, 4–6 June 1997, pp. 51–58.

Pareckyj V.M., Komkov A. A., Kamkyn R. Y., Mamaev A. Ju., Kurdeev A. S., T.B.O., 2011, 4, pp. 51–55. (Rus.)

Gnedenko V.G., Gorjachev Y.V., T.B.O., 2011, №10, pp. 30–37. (Rus.)

Reference Document on the Best Available Techniques for Waste Incineration, BAT Reference Document (BREF), 2nd Draft, European IPPC Bureau, Seville, Spain, March 2004.

Technical Working Group (TWG) Comments. Draft 1 of Waste Incineration Best available techniques Reference document (BREFs), European Commission Joint Research Centre. Institute for Prospective Technological Studies, Seville, Spain, 2003.

Published
2015-08-20
How to Cite
Alekseyenko, V., Sezonenko, O., Vasechko, O., & Nikitin, V. (2015). FEATURES OF TREATMENT OF RESIDUES AFTER MEDICAL WASTE’S THERMAL DISPOSAL. Energy Technologies & Resource Saving, (4), 52-58. Retrieved from https://etars-journal.org/index.php/journal/article/view/160
Section
Waste treatment and recycling